Threesology Research Journal
The Devil's Advocate and Threes Research
~fourteen~

~ The Study of Threes ~
http://threesology.org



Devil's Advocate Series:
pg.1 pg.2 pg.3 pg.4 pg.5 pg.6
pg.7 pg.8 pg.9 pg.10 pg.11 pg.12
pg.13 pg.14 pg.15 pg.16 pg.17 pg.18



Examples of the {2-3-4} pattern-of-three model

Does the 2-3-4 pattern (like others), portray a sequence of developmental organization of what actually exists within that being observed, or is it a projection of human mentality seeking some metaphor for representing a recurring internalized cognitive pattern that symbolically recreates a physiological characterization that may be a selectively oriented biologically directed manifestation of an environmental influence that can.... at times, be reflected in a mirror-image portrayal which is opposite to a reality in "opposition" (a reversed order and not necessarily in a combative sense) to that being proposed? Is a metaphor of the "2-3-4" pattern-of-three to be found in the debate surrounding the 432HZ idea in music theory and its supposed relationship to some healing property important for human consciousness and other physical states?

An example of the human mind engaging in a mirror-imaging orientation is the old idea in which it was argued that the Sun rotated around the Earth, and is commonly described as an expression involving the ego-centricity of humanity alternatively noted by the once wide-spread practice of map makers who would place a given kingdom on the center of a map, so as to fulfill the egotistical desires of their patron king whose Narcissism placed themselves and their kingdom in the central position of their world-view... in which "the world" (as their small minded brains could conceive of it), saw everything in one or another socialized orbit around themselves. Other examples are the variously adopted dichotomies which some people obsess over in their own world-views, as if they are proposing an enhanced perception of reality in direct opposition to a status quo acceptance frequently practiced via traditional observances. It is not that such dichotomous portrayals are wrong and the traditions are right... or vice versa; but that this is the typical strategy being played out time and again in different eras for different subjective interests as an indication of a recurring mental activity whose generality or commonality does not evolve into any higher order thinking (whatever this may actually mean since a commonality of thought has difficulty in grasping what this may mean due to an insistence of using ego-centrically definable methodologies of interpretation).

In stead of evolving into a higher order thinking, a practice of artificialization takes place in terms of metaphors via a type of linguistic gymnastics which creates the illusion, if not delusion, of an evolved thinking process inclined towards thinking a given idea represents some Natural or Universally applicable truth.


The 432HZ as a metaphor for the biological 2-3-4?

Note: The introduction of the above idea which questions the possibility of a biological connection between the two expressions, takes the discussion to a whole new level of consideration. Whether or not ancient peoples understood the mathematics or scientific measurement of the "432", does not mean they did not have some inherent instinct for it. This is not to say that I agree with the comments, but playing the Devil's Advocate requires alternative suppositions.

In gathering information for the "under-construction" timeline, biological references of events preceding the development of humanity is a requisite. Yet, so too is the understanding that recognized patterns exhibit resemblances to other functionalities such as those which may be alternatively described as a mechanical, electrical, fluidic, etc., model. A model used in one subject may well be applied to another subject, though a bit of "tweaking" or re-labeling needs to be applied for a given context. In any respect, one of biological events which needs to be addressed in terms of the modeling it portrays, is photosynthesis. Whereas one can find references to two stages, three stages, and four stages... like so many other pre-and post human biological events, we find a stark absence of stages with larger number activities. In other words, there are no references to 10, 20, 30, one-thousand, etc... stages. All of them are expressed as occurring in very low number activities. And amongst these 1 to 9 or 10 number references, we find a predominant usage of 2, 3, and 4, while other instances may add or subtract from this three-patterned grouping to produce another set-of-three such as 3,4,5... 4,5,6... 5,6,7... or some combination thereof (mix and match as you care to). Nonetheless, a constraint... or if you prefer... a conservation of events is the recurring model of activity.

In speaking of biological events, we often see such words as "cycles" or "phases", or "events" some other characterization revealing a movement or dynamic. Stasis or stationary, or static events are generally described in reference to movement, acceleration, or some other aspect of time interrelated speed or specification. This is of interest and importance to mention because it references a mindset that is focused on some sort of mechanization, to which we can follow-up on with examples from mechanical operations such as the internal combustion engine as an analogy.

Let us first take an example of the "two-phase" model of photosynthesis and compare it with a "two-cycle" gasoline (or petrol) motor:

Two stages model of Photosynthesis
3-stroke internal combustion engine

Now let me provide a 3-stages model of photosynthesis with a 3-stroke rotary engine:

3 stages model of photosynthesis
3 cycle rotary engine

Let us now move on to a 4-stages model of photosynthesis and a 4-stroke engine:

4 stages reference model to photosynthesis
4 stroke engine

Another interpretation of the "4-stroke" engine would be to view it as a 3 to 1 ratio, with the first three combined as a set in relation to the exhaust phase. The reason for making such a reference is that usage of the "3-to-1" label may be more beneficial when examples from multiple subjects are combined and compared. In any respect, the preceding "2, 3 and 4" phase models of cyclicity can be reference altogether as a 3-patterned group detailing different vantage points of perception which have been put into construction. This does not mean each stage was preceded by a simpler phase or that there was a successive stage of development as is described here, since, for example, we label the "mesoderm" of the three Germ layers as the middle layer, though it arrived after the ectoderm and endoderm. Even though it occurs centrally between the two, it evolved later on as the 3rd development. Without knowing this, one might be led to assume it arrive second in terms of evolutionary development.

The point to be made is how do we want to interpret the activities of photosynthesis from which to derive the best model in the overall analysis being undertaken in the timeline sequencing? Is it two-patterned, or three-patterned, or four-patterned, with respect to evolutionary development? And no less, why does the activity found in the different models of internal combustion engines resemble the same thinking processes applied to an interpretation of photosynthesis? Because it is natural, or is it a contrivance of the human brain subjected to unrecognized social and environmental constraints? And yet, this comparison is not enough. Let us now add the basic designs being applied to different engines in order to identify the basic underlying profiles which we also see in the diagrams being utilized by biologists to describe biological events:


Engine profiles image 1 Engine profiles image 2
Engine profiles image 3

Examples of the different pages looked at in the research of engines (besides what I could remember from working on several different kinds)>

Since engines are referred to as having "horse power", (used as a selling point long ago to encourage horse owners to find a relationship between their horses and the automobile so as to give up their ownership of horses for an ownership of a vehicle), let us view a "2- 3- 4" pattern with respect to the mobility of horses:

A 2, 3, 4 pattern can also be seen amongst horse mobility
Trios or Trinity or Tryptch? 3rd section of the 1st page

Mechanical models for living cells--a review. (Authors: Lim, Zhou EH, Quek ST.)


Nano Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Bioengineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117576, Singapore. ctlim@nus.edu.sg Abstract:

As physical entities, living cells possess structural and physical properties that enable them to withstand the physiological environment as well as mechanical stimuli occurring within and outside the body. Any deviation from these properties will not only undermine the physical integrity of the cells, but also their biological functions. As such, a quantitative study in single cell mechanics needs to be conducted. In this review, we will examine some mechanical models that have been developed to characterize mechanical responses of living cells when subjected to both transient and dynamic loads. The mechanical models include:

  • The cortical shell-liquid core (or liquid drop) models which are widely applied to suspended cells;
  • The solid model which is generally used for adherent cells;
  • The power-law structural damping model which is more suited for studying the dynamic behavior of adherent cells;
  • The biphasic model which has been widely used to study musculoskeletal cell mechanics.

Based upon these models, future attempts can be made to develop even more detailed and accurate mechanical models of living cells once these three factors are adequately addressed:

  1. Structural heterogeneity.
  2. Appropriate constitutive relations for each of the distinct subcellular regions and components.
  3. Active forces acting within the cell. More realistic mechanical models of living cells can further contribute towards the study of mechano-transduction in cells.

Mechanical models for living cells

Note: When speaking of "adherent cells", this can easily be translated into "adjoining cylinders". Frequently there is the experimental procedure to use a one-cell model that can be described in terms of creating a one-cylinder model. "Structural heterogeneity" gives the impression of balance, since an unbalanced engine can rattle itself apart. The "constitutive relations" gives the impression of inter-cylinder relationship functioning. The "Active Forces" reference is clearly related to timing, fuel mixture, spark advance, combustion pressure, fuel octane, etc...

In the foregoing engine profiles, we see the simplistic designs of horizontal, vernicle, diagonal, circular and triangular. These are the same types of patterns the human mind is employing to its game theory strategies. These are being pointed out to make reference to the fact this is yet another indication that the human mind is being subjected to a restraint that appears to be linked with a rationalized system of survival mechanisms striving for some semblance of equilibrium in an incrementally deteriorating environment which is leading humanity along a course of extinction. We now need to compare these basic designs with the basic designs found in biological body plans:

3 basic types of body cavities
3 types of symmetry image 1
3 to 1 ratio of basic body plans

Is the human mind expressing itself in a recurrence of activity reminiscent of biological development which apparently follows a 1-2-3 maturational development sequence that does not necessarily proceed in a smooth and uninterrupted fashion with and without reversals, extinction, rebirth, mutation, and overlap with previous versions of similar variations from which later variations emerged but became separated from.

In other words, because we pay witness to a recurrent beginning to end or present example of the latter development... and many of the examples are expressed in a sequential three-part order, this does not necessarily mean such a sequence actually occurs, but that the human brain's orientation in this respect must utilize the model of expression it has as a functionality. If the patterns we see in biological and mechanical models reflect a human mindset formulated as an artificiality of environmental pressures, the low numbers being applied to the models may be an expression of an impression detailing the existence of one or more constraints which are forcing humanity into developing perceptions and a resulting culture of logic and intelligence that is appropriate to maintain a viable measure of equilibrium on a course that is headed for extinction... since it is known that the environment is directed towards an eventual obsolescence. The low quantity of models coupled to the low number values of cycles, phases, interactions, etc., are the expressions of a nature forcing life forms to conform to a process of adaptation most suited for short-term survival that is rationalized away by various social moods, government policies and cultural trends of saving this or that life form through a positivation of a prevailing negatively occurring reality.

Before leaving this page in order to continue it on the next installment of this series since so many images are being used, let me include a third representation of the "2-3-4" pattern by providing some images of the three different types of vertebrate heart, which can be contrasted with the so-called hearts of the cockroach and earthworm:

2, 3, 4 chambered heart examples image 1
2, 3, 4 chambered heart examples image 2
The cockroach heart
The five hearts of an earthworm
Comparative anatomy of Vertebrate hearts

When looking for examples of developmental evolution, a clear representation of a "1-2-3" sequence of development may not be readily available nor even encountered. However, alternative sequences may be plentiful from which we can provide a provision for their placement on the evolutionary timeline, though the idea of a one-two-sequence may have to be stuck in a "supposed-to-have-occurred" framework of possibility. Just because we prefer some neat and tidy 1-2-3 maturational development sequencing model, doesn't mean we will be able to find one and must therefore use what we have uncovered. There may be no existing representation of an early, later, central (or otherwise) character to provide for a presumed existence. Unless we want to assume that there is, on occasion, some spontaneous creation of a given biological event, then we will have to continue thinking in terms of transitional stages, whether or not we can find such "missing links" in the 1-2-3... chain. We simply continue to think there was a one which came before the two and that the "three" placement may or may not be the final word of development. For example, we have five fingers and five toes, more or less than this numerical value is considered to be an anomaly. But it doesn't have to keep us from thinking why there are not an abundant expressions of the "five" such as having five eyes, five heads, five noses, etc... Something is keeping this from happening and also constraining the quantity of events in biological processes to be limited in expression... just as we have a limited number of elements and limited number of organelles in a cell and a limited number of sub-atomic particles, etc...



Origination date (of page heading: Friday, September 6th, 2019... 3:54 AM
Initial Posting: Saturday, September 7th, 2019... 12:47PM
Latest Updated Posting: Thursday, September 13th, 2019... 1:26 AM


Your Questions, Comments or Additional Information are welcomed:
Herb O. Buckland
herbobuckland@hotmail.com