Threesology Research Journal
A New Communism
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Preface: A New Communism Preface page 2 Preface page 3

Communism and Societal Collapse

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The Marxist doctrine displayed in the Communist Manifesto has always been a problem for me to accept. Particularly when Communism has been adopted by so many who have resorted in the killing of millions, though from a larger historical review let us note that the insistence of those proposing some brand of Democracy has also resulted in the killing of millions. Democracy and Socialism are commonly adulterated by those who frequently resort to using violence. The problem is that the early developments of democracy in its differing values did not have the media attention nor historical impetus that the attempted initiations of Communism have had. Nonetheless, while I realistically appreciate the use of violence as a very real means of bringing about progressive change for the betterment of humanity, the acts and applications of violence do not always correlate well with the end result. Whereas Democracy has had a lengthy historical period in which it can assume different character roles and vernaculars which minimize the atrocities that its early adherents proclaimed were justifiably necessary in order to bring about their vision of a better society because it was right, it was real and it was true; Communism has not had the same measure of time in which to develop into a more profound maturity. At present, Communist doctrine still relies too heavily on doctrines developed in eras which signify an impetuous adolescence. It is time for Communism to acquire a greater maturity of realistic direction and purpose of that achievable.

All present political ideologies can be viewed as analogies to temporary jobs. While some persist longer than others and some give the impression of turning into a full time position as indicated by the adoption of written or non-written but observed Constitutions by certain individualized nations, they do not actually constitute a career status for the whole collectivity of humanity. Every single political doctrine can be identified as a temporary position which embraces an established functionality for a few... be it a few thousand or a few million or a few hundreds of millions. Because no existing doctrine today is readily applicable to the whole of humanity, they must be seen for the selfishness which they are. Because Communism remains in its formative stages of development, it is more amiable towards developing a method of self-education which permits it to enlarge its appreciation of humanity's place not only on Earth, but the Solar system, the Galaxy and the Universe. The other doctrines prefer themselves at the center and develop a Cosmology which best suits their centralized orientation. While the soul searching peripetetications of Communism to find its place has often led well-intentioned subscribers along varying detours, dead ends, desperations, depredations, disillusionments, disenchantments, disenfranchisements, disasters, defamations, and myriad forms and formulas of self-defeating disagreements allowing for little or valueless compromises, the distractibility of such philosophical entanglements can only remove themselves and assist others in doing the same, is if Communism adopts an uncommon political orientation which encompasses a larger appreciation of life and purpose, and not be satisfied by some suggest Manna-From-Heaven Utopia ideation. This is only possible if the Communist doctrine adopts an expansive view and value of reality far beyond the customary train-tracked neighborhoods of mere politics, economics and typical antithetical religious perceptions.

Communist doctrine must move into a greater sobriety of consciousness and appreciation of humanity for what it is, since what it is may be little more than a product of nature and nurturing that a given person is susceptible to in a given way, as a response to incrementally deteriorating environmental conditions which demand all life forms adopt some measure of equilibrium, of which human acts of rationalization are very much a part of.

  • Religion is a fact of humanity's preoccupation and practice with it.
  • Science is a fact of humanity's preoccupation and practice with it.
  • Cult-mindedness is a fact of humanity's preoccupation and practice with it.
  1. Communism must accept the fact that a belief in religion is a reality and therefore has meaning as a survival method.
  2. Communism must accept the fact that a belief in science is a reality and therefore has meaning as a survival method.
  3. Communism must accept the fact that all beliefs are a reality and therefore has meaning as a survival method for an organism which evolves, which adapts, and adopts whatever is readily available for usage as a mechanism for survival.

This is not to say that religion, nor science, nor even any political doctrine has to be accepted as some ultimate truth. They are simply alternatives to be placed into a larger cognitive tool box that all present and former Communistic doctrines have denied placing into their store rooms because of some prejudicially discriminating bias which gives evidence of a closed mind. Communist doctrine must open its heart, its mind and its sole to a larger appreciation of life so that the purposiveness of humanity's place in the Universe is not subjected to an irrelevancy which guides it along a path of extinction all because Communism was too stubborn to take a step back and reassess its values... Values for which have been expressed by religion, by science and by various sociological enterprises, including business, government and the whole of biology.

While "Communism" is at present the word being used to describe a desire for a greater way of life for all of humanity, it may not be the word which is retained by peoples in the future. They may well decide on a different word, a different symbol and of course a different philosophy shared by all. It matters not if the words Communism, Democracy, Socialism, Libertarianism, Anarchism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Bahai, Shintoism or otherwise is used. They are not important, particularly not important if their retention keeps humanity bogged down because of delimiting definitions assigned to them with which humanity binds itself to repeating multiple histories that have come to be defined as an Age of Irrationality.

This is the burden of Communism. To allow itself to progress and not be bound by the limitations of those in the past who claimed to own Communism and therefore had a right to define it as they saw best. Like religion which stakes a self-proclaimed ownership of the words god and morality and personalized associative definitions thereof. No religion owns god nor an attempted definition thereof. Likewise, no religion has ownership of morality. Hence, no one owns the term "Communism". While we may speak of it as being used by a given person such as Marx and label it Marxism or Marxist Communism, this distinction is not wholly appreciated by the general public. All too often the word Communism is aligned with Marx or those who have used the word in conjunction with political doctrines practicing horrific social organization plans, if only because the word "democracy" had been already claimed and given an announced ownership to given practices... most of which fall far short of being an actual Democracy but have had enough historical time and "back to the drawing board" practices to develop some semblance of accepted disproportionate equanimity because generations have been born into the types of indentured servitude established by observed laws which are cognitively normalized because they have become viewed as such, and protestors against the perceived wrongs of the past have long died off and laws have been written to further marginalize any effort to make desirable political changes.

Marxist doctrine has been used to examine different interests involving business, government and religion. It should therefore come of no surprise if I make mention of one or two during the present discussion such as providing an example occurring in criminology and medicine. While Marxist doctrine is a model by which a comparative form of analyses can take place, it is not to be construed as THE defining criteria by which a given interest is to be defined. To do so is much like taking an idea like shamanism (with its hunter-gatherer origins) and claim it to be how all modern religions are to be examined, even though similarities abound but have been masked by relabeling, ceremonial antics, and modernized philosophical attributes owing to an increase in vocal articulations of differing perceptions. Let us take a brief look at shamanism so that the reader may identify what I am describing and make a mental note that it expresses a state of other-worldly consciousness sometimes achieved by the usage of repetitious, rhythmic, ritualistic:

  • chanting
  • singing (with or without body movement)
  • self flagellation (inflicting pain on oneself)
  • Freedom of Religion or Belief(taken for granted conventions of today that may not have been in the past)
  • Drum Is the Ear of God: Africa's Inner World of Music (drumming or other music instrument such as a piano or organ used for enhancing a supposed spiritual experience)
  • Light and darkness (flickering of light such as from torches, campfires, candles (note interest to such by autistics as seen when they stare at the flickering of fluorescent lamps or watching clothes revolve in a dryer)
  • wearing of a given apparel (sometimes referred to as garments, church clothes, etc; but often used to describe pagan clothing only)
    Ritualistic Dress

  • Ritual expressions, themes, phrases (such as "Amen": which is said to be related to the Egyptian Amon Ra and the Hindu AUM [Om]
  • confessions
  • silence
  • abstinence from sex, alcohol, profanity, etc...
  • sacrifices
  • observances (hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, yearly: such as holy days; "holidays", and other practices become institutionalized like saying a pledge of allegiance, secret handshakes, secret passwords, name tags, license plates, monogrammed apparel, name brand apparel, vehicle decals, etc...)
  • taking of bread and wine: (frequently seen as a modernized variation of a "pagan" practice involving cannibalism)
    • The Eucharist (from the Greek for "thanksgiving") is the central act of Christian worship; also known as Holy Communion and the Lord's Supper, it is practiced by most Christian churches in some form. Along with baptism it is one of the two sacraments most clearly found in the New Testament, and along with baptism and confirmation it is one of the sacraments of initiation. The Roman Catholic Church distinguishes the Eucharist as sacrifice (mass) and sacrament (communion). "Roman Catholicism." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013.
  • giving of money (tithing, worldly possessions, land, labor, etc...)
  • deference to a given authority (who then get used to be deferred to and assume they are another's better)
  • Religion and drugs consumption of a narcotic or other form of inebriating substance (such as peyote used by some Native Americans, use of LSD for an assumed consciousness expansion; etc...

(Shamanism is a) religious phenomenon centered on the shaman, a person believed to achieve various powers through trance or ecstatic religious experience. Although shamans' repertoires vary from one culture to the next, they are typically thought to have:

  • The ability to heal the sick.
  • The ability to communicate with the otherworld.
  • The ability to escort the souls of the dead to that otherworld.

H.O.B. note: Many charismatic leaders or simply the ideas of an assumed genius (or gifted/talented person) are thought to provide variations of these three item. For example:

  • The ability to heal some illness such as those caused by economic privation or other harm... typically interpreted to be undeserved.
  • The ability to communicate their will to old and young, far and wide in different languages because it represents a universal truth.
  • The ability to lead the people to a promised position, land, opportunity, reward.

The term shamanism comes from the Manchu-Tungus word šaman. The noun is formed from the verb ša- ‘to know'; thus, a shaman is literally "one who knows." The shamans recorded in historical ethnographies have included women, men, and transgender individuals of every age from middle childhood onward.

As its etymology implies, the term applies in the strictest sense only to the religious systems and phenomena of the peoples of northern Asia and the Ural-Altaic, such as the Khanty and Mansi, Samoyed, Tungus, Yukaghir, Chukchi, and Koryak. However, shamanism is also used more generally to describe indigenous groups in which roles such as healer, religious leader, counselor, and councilor are combined. In this sense, shamans are particularly common among other Arctic peoples, American Indians, Australian Aborigines, and those African groups, such as the San, that retained their traditional cultures well into the 20th century.

H.O.B. note: Traditional etymology aside, the foregoing description sounds much like the practices assumed by many a religious leader in many so-called modern religions.

It is generally agreed that shamanism originated among hunting-and-gathering cultures, and that it persisted within some herding and farming societies after the origins of agriculture. It is often found in conjunction with animism, a belief system in which the world is home to a plethora of spirit-beings that may help or hinder human endeavors.

H.O.B. note: We of today refer to these spirit beings with the general labels of business- government- religion.

Opinions differ as to whether the term shamanism may be applied to all religious systems in which a central personage is believed to have direct intercourse with the transcendent world that permits him to act as healer, diviner, and the like. Since such interaction is generally reached through an ecstatic or trance state, and because these are psychosomatic phenomena that may be brought about at any time by persons with the ability to do so, the essence of shamanism lies not in the general phenomenon but in specific notions, actions, and objects connected with trance (see also hallucination).

H.O.B. note: The "trance" of many leaders is produced by their Narcissism, psychosis, inflated self-importance (sometimes displayed with a perfunctory expression of humility), as well by how they are elevated onto a pedestal by a security team and/or fawning fans and hungry-for-a-Pulitzer prize journalists whose recognition of them creates a tit-for-tat back and forth complimentation.

"shamanism." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013.

I wanted to bring the topic of Religion into the mix of materials to be included in the present discourse because as one gleans information from the German line of intellectual descent, which started long before Marx and includes the pagan worshipping traditions of pre and post-Germanic/Teutonic tribal orientations which provides evidence for considering that a cult-like manifestation of consciousness has and does exist. Need one speak of the cultish ideations created by Luther, Hegel, Haeckel, Jung, Freud, Hitler and so many others? But not just the Germans, we see a cult mentality arising in different European cultures with respect to different subjects, for a short example: (Physics: Einstein (German), Music: Mozart, Haydn (Austria), Beethoven, Weber (German), Embryology: Haeckel (German), Shakespeare (British), etc...) In fact, if one asks different cultures for their opinion of who is the "Father" (or even Mother) of a given subject was such as Sociology, the Germans might claim Georg Simmel for his qualitative analysis or Max Weber or Karl Mannhei, and the Austrians might claim Max Adler, Karl Renner, Rudolf Hilferding, Gustav Eckstein, Friedrich Adler, or Otto Bauer before or after the 1907 publication of the magazine Der Kampf.

("Marxism." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013.)

And if one were to ask who is the father of Sociology from different countries, we might then have a compilation such as:

Porter takes an about-face issue with Marx and essentially, proposes a diametrically opposite perspective, though both are outlining their own versions of a "vertical mosaic". It is rather surprising that no one has authentically proposed a "horizontal" or "diagonal" mosaic in order to provide the other intellectualized chess moves one is able to construct (contrive) as an argument. Perhaps only because they are not steeped in a practice of "Trialectical" thinking instead of the obvious dialectical nonsense which Sociology, Philosophy, Political science and so many other genres of conceptualization fall prey to.

Instead of using Marx's bottom-up hierarchical orientation where he fought to champion the perceive proletariat underdog, Porter uses a modernized top-down Bourgeoisie ideation which any novice observer of human society must find to be a rather simplistic representation of the rather taken-for-granted obviousness: about how cultural attitudes can reframe reality to present the illusion of some desired ideal wanting-to-be-achieved (classless Utopianism) which obscures the reality of a very differentiated system of classes being glossed over by a language-embedded neuroticism formulated by an unacknowledged attitudinal elitism being widely shared as part of an individualized cultural ethos (insanity, like creativity, genius, criminality, religiosity, poverty, intellectualization wealth, intelligence, ignorance etc., can not readily see itself when being brought up and forced to live in a culture where the practice of such a given is the dominant day-to-day theme strives to produce for itself a recognizable collective pathos.

In other words, Canadians, like so many other people in their own respective cultures, are too close to themselves to recognize their own quirks of conceptualization. Whereas Marx focused on the idea of oppositional classes associated to one another like a dialectical arrangement leading to some proposed ultimate conclusion described as a Communism (classless Utopianism); he failed to objectively place the third elitist variable into the vernacular of arguments where-from a profoundly limiting dichotomous language arose... thereby creating a manifested illusion that we might as well define as a fairy tale (like the so-called "American dream" that occurs to a significantly small percentage of people); which persists to this day.

Porter's analysis does little more than blow on the old Marxian embers by the rekindling of an oppositional characterization of social classes where in fact there are three (producing more of a recognition to the common socio-cultural interplay of rock-paper-scissors circumstances), and not two siblings, which can thus be described by the traditional lower class- middle class- upper class sociological hierarchy; exhibited by different guises, though class divisions are typically aligned with someone's economic resources because this is what the main topic of interest is in the mentality of those who do the survey. One might surmise the reason for this is because they have been brought up wearing glasses or goggles that are not rose, lime nor lavender colored nor shaped in the tear drop, circular or granny geometric form (that were in vogue during the 1960's and 1970's American Hippie movement); but with monetary denominations such as the dollar sign imprinted on them. From the tooth fairy in childhood, to the coins once placed over the eyes when one died in order to have the fee to pay Charon for a passage across the rive Styx, we are brought up with the primary focus on establishing an income, through hook (one's own labor such as the implied fishing metaphor), through crook (stealing from or manipulating off the labors of others), or through a book (accounting, teaching, sermon, legislating, law, writing, etc.), and yes, I made up the last reference of "book" to rhyme with the customary two-patterned by hook or crook phrase that is commonly known and generally refers to by any means necessary, though I have broken them down to reference three sociological class divisions of activity.

However, behavior and attitude very often create variations that might be interpreted as a gradation and causes some to interpret the overlapping variants as a type of rainbow or mosaic blending, leading them to claim there are no actual cut-and-dry class divisions even though the idea of an inter-meshed over-layering perspective is itself only possible when divisions are recognized. Analogically, even though bowling pins "are the same," they are placed into positions of alignment to serve some method of organizational ordering even if the ordering is an arbitrary contrivance. Just because a person says they eschew the usage of classification, needs the ability to make the distinction that a classification is being made in order to classify an effort to declassify a classification. Declassifying from a classification is itself a form of classification. For example a person may have lots of money but they are reclusive or eccentric, or an invalid. They could be kind, gentle, arrogant, cheerful, vulgar, abusive, humble, boastful, etc., some of which are interpreted to be an indication of an impoverished spirit, body, or mind. Whereas a person with very little money may have the same traits which are interpreted to be a great wealth. This wealth, in a religious perspective is frequently labeled a blessing.

With respect to finding examples of metaphorical attributes that can be aligned with the three traditional class divisions, the task was a rather arduous one since I could find virtually none. A colleague suggested I look into the history of comic portrayals such as those used by political cartoonists, but I chose rather to make up most of the ones which follow to show how diverse the idea of "gradations" into distinct classes, categories, divisions, proportions, values, positions, etc. can be made cognitively. When we take the term "economics" and change it into economy or economization, we can also align the words conservation, diminished capacity, lessening, degradation, miniaturization, etc., and their opposites as well as some imagined central point, as we do when we construct a graph with an X- Y- Z profile. If we don't strive to find a means to look at our social circumstances from a different perspective, we will continue to regurgitate the same types of analysis and results. We need to be able to reframe our perceptions with a different language if this is what it takes to develop more progressive considerations.

Let me add that I do recall a poem which can be interpreted as describing the "masses" as a many-headed hydra and the King as a single-headed creature to be compared to, thus leaving us to consider the rest of humanity as those who made up the central position (as being two-faced... as being those who don't care who ends up winning the tug-of-war just so long as they can be in a position to take advantage of whatever opportunity comes their way. Hence, the old "One- Two- Many" counting sequence rears its head again):

From Alexander Pope's "The First Epistle From The First Book Of Horace":
Lines 120 to 123:

Well, if a king's a lion, at the least
The people are a many-headed beast.
Can they direct what measures to pursue,
Who know themselves so little what to do?

Many-headed hydra

Note: The line: "The people are a many-headed beast" was a term used by Socrates in Plato's Republic.

  • Proletariat- Bourgeoisie- Elite
  • Lower class- Middle class- Upper class
  • Commoners (farmers or tradesmen- Warriors- Priests (Georges Dumezilian Trifunctional Hypothesis
    • Economic function— Martial or combative function- Religious, sacred, or esoteric function
  • F-E-D grade students- C-B grade students- A students
  • Bachelor's degree- Master's degree- PhD.
  • Worker (workers)- Manager/Boss (management)- Boss/Owner (Owner)
  • Plurality (the many)- Dyad (co-between workers and owner)- Monad (Owner)
  • Five fingers/toes (the many)- 2 bones forearm/shin (middle class)- 1 bone upper arm/leg (upper class): Pentadactyal limb represents social class divisions
  • Aliens who want to help humans- Aliens who want to prey on humans (for study, for experimentation, for food)- Aliens who want to control humanity
  • Alien "Greys" involved in abduction and analysis- Alien Nordics/etc... (Helpers/Protectors)- Alien "Reptilian's" (control freaks)

3 general and specific types of aliens

  • Strength of body (lower class)- Strength of mind (mental tasks: middle class)- Strength of spirit (Priestly class)
  • Virgin class- Mother/Maternal class- Crone/old age/wisdom & experience class
  • Solar system- Galaxy- Universe
  • (one proton, no electrons or neutrons) Ion?- Hydrogen (proton + electron, but no neutron)- Deuterium (2H = one proton + one neutron + one electron)
  • Alpha- Beta- Gamma (gradations of radiation penetration)
  • Skinny people largest proportion of adult population- Medium weight- Over weight (pre-industrialization)
  • Over weight people (largest "many/most" proportion of adults)- Average weight- Skinny (post-industrialization)

... and by metaphorical extension:

  • Herbivores (Plant eaters can be associated with cultivators or peasants who work the fields.)
  • Carnivores (Meat eaters can be associated with predators such as a warrior class or personnel movers such as managers.)
  • Omnivores (Multi-dietary regime can be associated with those who are exploiters.)

Vertical Mosaic: An Analysis of Social Class and Power in Canada, Porter's most important work, was published in 1965 by University of Toronto Press. It was the study of equality of opportunity and the exercise of power by bureaucratic, economic and political elites in Canada. Porter was concerned with challenging the image that Canada was a classless society with "no barriers to opportunity." Porter concludes The Vertical Mosaic with the following observations:

  • Canada is probably not unlike other western industrial nations in relying heavily on its elite groups to make major decisions and to determine the shape and direction of its development. The nineteenth-century notion of a liberal citizen- participating democracy is obviously not a satisfactory model by which to examine the processes of decision- making in either the economic or the political contexts... If power and decision- making must always rest with elite groups, there can at least be open recruitment from all classes into the elite. (p. 558).

Porter argues that Marxist class analysis, based on ownership of the means of production is a "questionable criterion of class in modern industrial society" (p. 25). Porter rejects power as the basis for social class, with the observation that conflict between those with power and the powerless is nonexistent. Porter constructs a new model based on the study of elites.

Elites are those who make decisions in the hierarchical institutional systems of modern society. Porter describes elites in the following way:

  • ...individuals or groups at the top of our institutions can be designated as elites. Elites both compete and co-operate with one another: they compete to share in the making of decisions of major importance for the society, and they co-operate because together they keep the society working as a going concern. Elites govern institutions which have, in the complex world, functional tasks... It is elites who have the capacity to introduce change... (p. 27).

Then are we to assume by Porter's logic that those underdogs which introduce change are actually elites in disguise? Is history made up of multiple kinds of The Prince and the Pauper tales? Yet, the Pauper eventually comes to be the rightful ruler and the staged Ruler is somehow increased in value by their momentary acting job? Does this sum up the cultural perspective of Canadians who see themselves as role playing, and no one has yet succeeded in slapping them in the face to wake them up from their make-believe histrionics? Then again, the mosaic multi-culturalism of all societies similarly indulges in such a pastime.

While the comparative model of analysis abounds in multiple subject areas (comparative medicine, comparative languages, comparative military strategy, comparative psychology, comparative mythology, comparative physiology, comparative anthropology, comparative history, comparative religion, comparative architecture, etc...), let us not overlook it as a tool, though some use it as representing a Swiss army knife for all occasions and can not be substituted or improved upon. While some become quite adept at using the comparative model just as do those who must rely upon an abacus for calculation as opposed to an electronic calculator, the usage of such tools are not readily adaptable to all circumstances, though given enough time and incentive they might nonetheless prove to be of use.

If one wished to do so, we can examine all things by some presumed underlying pattern that we perceive and claim as being basic, (or synonymously recognized with other words such as being fundamental, canonical, elemental, primary "grass roots," foundational, etc.); or use a number or geometric pattern, and thus claim some universality for which no other model of interpretation need be attempted, and those thus mastering such a usage are to be heralded as leaders to whom we must defer to. I mention this because I have been guilt of such with my interest in the "threes phenomena". But I have been fortunate in my life time to take a step back and play the part of my own Devil's Advocate in this regard because not only do I find that there are on occasion multiple occurrences of "three-patterned ensembles" in one instance, they are either intermittent or absent in another. It is the same thing which apparently occurs for all tools, including the tool we humans call god. While some claim god to Omnipresent (everywhere), Omniscient (all knowing), and Omnipotent (all powerful), there are times this three-patterned god is intermittent and absent. An example is to note that the presence of that which is defined as evil occupies a space and time and dimension that god is both absent and intermittent from, no matter to what elaborate lengths religious-minded individuals go to confabulate a rationale to suggest otherwise. While this (present- intermittent- absent) assessment criteria is also a pattern-of-three, it is an excellent rule of thumb to be used when indulging the application of a comparative model, such as in the present case of noting the usage of Marx's brand of Socialism (called Communism). For example, Communism is said to be exist only when certain specifics are present, thus it is either absent when they are not present or intermittent in the sense when Socialism or a Democratic-Socialism (or Socialist-Democracy) are spoken of.

  • Communism is said to be present when specific criteria such as the Marxian definition are listed.
  • Communism is said to be intermittent when Socialism is objectified with marginalized Marxist definitions.
  • Communism is said to be absent when the specific criteria of Marxism are not used to define Socialism.

These three stated as such, reflect the three basic behavioral responses known as freeze, take flight, or fight; or (respectively) as oral ((subdued pacification seeking)- genital (flights of fancy, fantasy)- anal (obstinate, demanding). However, with not too much imagination one can make other correlations with the id- ego- superego; lower class (begrudging servitude)- middle class (self-serving accommodation, adaptation; make the best of whatever conditions prevail)- upper class (I am equal to or superior); etc...

Communism, (can be defined as a) political and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control of at least the major means of production (e.g., mines, mills, and factories) and the natural resources of a society. Communism is thus a form of socialism— (suggested as) a higher and more advanced form, according to its (egotistically driven) advocates. Exactly how communism differs from socialism has long been a matter of debate, but the distinction rests largely on the Communist's adherence to the revolutionary socialism of Karl Marx.

Britannica: Communism (ideology)

Date of Origination: Sunday, December 22nd, 2019... 12:28 PM
Initial Posting: Saturday, February 1st, 2020... 12:43 PM

Your Questions, Comments or Additional Information are welcomed:
Herb O. Buckland