Threesology Research Journal: The Standard Cognitive Model page 1
The Standard Cognitive Model
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The Standard Cognitive Model

Pentadactyl limb comparisons

Note: for some readers, it is best to describe this cognitive model using the phrase "A Standard Cognitive Model" instead of "The Standard Cognitive" model since different readers may utilize a cognitive structuring formula which supplies them with a supportive cognitive rationale that suggests to them some other option. For example, they may prefer to see the basic cognitive forumla in terms of a syllogism, which appropriates many guises and labelings, but that in so very many cases the assumed tripartie structure is little more than an embellished dichotomy and not an actual 3-in-1 or 3-to-1 or 3-from-1, or 3-as-1, etc., portrayal. In this regard we can thus view multiple other examples of declarable basic/standard cognitive structures/formulas; but in collating all such supposed "standards", we find ourselves in a quandary of limitation, just as is represented in:

  • A recurring triplet code in DNA (that does not appear to be evolving like other biological constructs).
  • A so-called fundamental three-part macro-structure of the atom involving Protons- Neutrons- Electrons which gives the impression of a stabilized recurrence.
  • A three-element composition making up over 99 percent of organic molecules: carbon- hydrogen- oxygen; not to mention the recurring currency of using solids- liquids- gases as a cognitive divisory tactic.

One might also venture to include the 3 standards of government activity culled from previous models of criminal activity that the government has taken over in order to not be deprived of the lion's share of the once defined "ill-gotten" gains... that is... ill-gotten in the sense that the government did not previously have a means of enforcing the collections of different enterprising individuals to supply the government with a portion commensurate with its desire to be the chief and principle enforcer and distributor of the money generating apparatus. In order to take over the activities developed by criminals, the government used its own model of force and self-endowed legislative empowerment to enforce public contributions and compliance, though the greatest dividend goes to the government and the people have little say so in how their collective 'monies' are to be proportionally distributed to provide the best equality.

The following three examples are used in various guises by different governments throughout the world and constitute a recurrence of a standardized cognitive model exhibiting a pattern-of-three representing three types of main organizations (Business, Government, Religion) involved in confidence scams:

  1. The old pyramid schemes have now become legalized and variously labeled as a Social Security (though religions and businesses routinely present them in moral or fiscal credibility terms.
  2. The old number(s) racket schema has now become legalized and variously labeled as a Lottery (whose supposed greater benefit is to education and other useful social institutions or institutional behavior such as road, bridge, etc., construction).
  3. The old protectionist scams have now become legalized and labeled as Insurance policies that the public is forced to buy into for one reason or another, to provide the illusion of logic and the ruse of fairness.

From a Sociological perspective, the identification of what has been called the three traditional class divisions (Georges Dumezil's Trifunctional Hypothesis notwithstanding); the three can be categorized in the following manner, despite the many adherents to divising a social class scheme from which more or less class divisions are seen due to one or another representative criteria frequently based on a financial definition:

  1. Upper class: Owners. They do not manage nor engage in labor.
  2. Middle class: Managers. They do not own nor engage in labor.
  3. Lower class: Laborers. The do not own nor manage.
Standard Cognitive Model example

Another example of a recurring three-patterned cognitive structure can be seen in the image describing three concerns or considerations that are said to be fine. The three expressions (1) It's fine. (2) I'm fine. (3) Everything's fine... clearly represents a type of syllogism that one might lable as a Major Premise, Minor Premise, Conclusion. However, though the lineup of the expressions is an effort to excuse a person from presenting an egotistical or self-centered image of themselves by placing a reference to themselves in a secondary position, there nonetheless is an unmistakable one- two- many allocation which can be made:

  • It's fine: This actually is a secondary (or number "2") issue though it is placed first in the line-up.
  • I'm fine: This is the primary (or number "1") issue though it is placed second in thie line-up.
  • Eveything's fine: "Everything" is an expression of multiplicity, or the "Many".

Lilicloth Products



Triple patterned ideas


American cognitive perspective with respect to a given alcohol quanity and type
Does 1 Beer = 1 Glass of Wine = 1 Shot of Hard Liquor?

With respect to using the analogy between physical musculature and 'political muscle', it may be of value for some readers to take a look at the quantity and functionality of the three muscle types. My intent is not to be definitive, but provide examples which can be appropriated for an enhanced appreciation of sociological forces at play; in the sense that social behavior is executed like a social "body" with its dimensionality similar to that of an articulating musculature. In other words, if society and humanity the whole is more than just a metaphor when described as a "body", then the social "body" may have a similarity of functionality and vulnerability to injury and disease as we see in human and other animal (if not insect and other life form) structures. Not only the strengths, but weaknesses such as old age... thus accounting for the decline of a Nation because it is a body that wears out and dies. No less, its ability to grow and gain strength in development is limited by several factors including the "genetics" of a nation and its resources. While a nation may have multiple resources, it may not have the physical, mental and emotional prowess to make full use of those resources... including its human resource.


3 muscle types
support@assignmenthelp.net: Types of Muscles

Some of the major skeletal muscles along with their functions are described below:

  • Biceps: Helps in bending of arm at the elbow point.
  • Triceps: Helps in strengthening of arm at the elbows.
  • Quadriceps: Helps in strengthening of leg.
  • Abdominals: Allows truck flexion allowing forward bending.
  • Deltoid: Allows sideways raising of arms.
  • Gastrocnemius: Allows standing on tip toes.
  • Gluteals: Helps in sideways bending of leg.
  • Hamstrings: Allows bending of leg at the knee.
  • Latissimus dorsi: Helps to pull back the arm and allows it to draw behind the back.
  • Pectorals: Helps in raising arms at the shoulder allowing it to draw across the chest.
  • Trapezius: Helps in movement of head backward and sideward. Also allows rotation of the shoulder.

The above profile being correlated with sociologically-based class divisions (upper- middle- lower) needs to be further associated with the relevant profiles of the muscles articulated by anatomists. In general, what we see is that the "upper class" (upper leg and arm bones) are associated with the larger and slower muscles (typically seen in the delays of government and corporate activity), though there are fewer of them, which metaphorically corresponds to the "1%" political idea related to those who are said to be in charge of the dominant governing and economic stratifications of our lives. The middle arm and leg bones have increasingly more but a relatively smaller "muscle" assortment, though they have a faster, more responsive ability. When we get to the hand and foot sections, the muscles are functionally inter-linked with the "middle class", with increasing numbers but a small muscle mass. They can execute activity quite fast as seen in the example of some typists.


2, 3, 4 grouping pattern found in muscles

Upper arm muscles:

  • There are three muscles located in the anterior (front) compartment of the upper arm – biceps brachii, coracobrachialis and brachialis. They are all innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve. A good memory aid for this is BBC – biceps, brachialis, coracobrachialis.
  • The posterior (back) compartment of the upper arm contains the triceps brachii muscle, which has three heads. The medial head lies deeper than the other two, which cover it. Arterial supply to the posterior compartment of the upper arm is via the profunda brachii artery. Muscles of the Upper Arm

Upper leg muscles:

  • The muscles of the anterior part of the thigh include the quadriceps group and three others: Pectineus, Sartorius, Iliopsoas (major and minor). The Thigh Muscles

  • The musculature of the thigh can be split into three sections; anterior, medial and posterior. Each compartment has a distinct innervation and function. The muscles in the anterior compartment of the thigh are innervated by the femoral nerve (L2-L4), and as a general rule, act to extend the leg at the knee joint. There are three major muscles in the anterior thigh – the pectineus, sartorius and quadriceps femoris. In addition to these, the end of the iliopsoas muscle passes into the anterior compartment. Muscles in the Anterior Compartment of the Thigh

Upper leg (back) muscles

  • The muscles in the posterior compartment of the thigh are collectively known as the hamstrings. They consist of the biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus, which form prominent tendons medially and laterally at the back of the knee. As group, these muscles act to extend at the hip, and flex at the knee. They are innervated by the sciatic nerve (L4-S3). Muscles in the Posterior Compartment of the Thigh

Note: we can correlate the presence of biceps (2), triceps (3), quadriceps (4) with other triple formatted 2-3-4 groupings: Devil's Advocate page 14

Anterior muscles of the forearm: In general, muscles in the anterior compartment of the forearm perform flexion at the wrist and fingers, and pronation. They are split into three categories:

  • Superficial: The flexor carpi ulnaris, palmaris longus (This muscle is absent in about 15% of the population.), flexor carpi radialis and pronator teres. They all originate from a common tendon, which arises from the medial epicondyle of the humerus.
  • Intermediate: The flexor digitorum superficialis is the only muscle of the intermediate compartment. It can sometimes be classed as a superficial muscle, but in most cadavers it lies between the deep and superficial muscle layers. The muscle is a good anatomical landmark in the forearm – the median nerve and ulnar artery pass between its two heads, and then travel posteriorly.
  • Deep: There are three muscles in the deep anterior forearm; flexor digitorum profundus, flexor pollicis longus, and pronator quadratus. Muscles in the Anterior Compartment of the Forearm

Muscles of the hand: The muscles of the hand are innervated by the radial, median, and ulnar nerves. (Muscles of the hand).

  • The extrinsic muscles are located in the anterior and posterior compartments of the forearm. They control crude movements and produce a forceful grip.
  • The intrinsic muscles of the hand are located within the hand itself. They are responsible for the fine motor functions of the hand.
    • The thenar muscles are three short muscles located at the base of the thumb. The muscle bellies produce a bulge, known as the thenar eminence. They are responsible for the fine movements of the thumb.
    • The hypothenar muscles produce the hypothenar eminence – a muscular protrusion on the medial side of the palm, at the base of the little finger. These muscles are similar to the thenar muscles in both name and organization.
    • There are four lumbricals in the hand, each associated with a finger. They are very crucial to finger movement, linking the extensor tendons to the flexor tendons.
    • The interossei muscles are located between the metacarpals. They can be divided into two groups: the dorsal and palmar interossei.
    • (A third item:) There are two other muscles (Palmaris Brevis and Adductor Pollicis) in the palm that are not lumbricals or interossei and do not fit in the hypothenar or thenar compartments. Muscles of the hand

The "Standard Cognitive Model" (SCM) can be viewed as a type of Rosetta Stone, Behistun Inscription, and Galle inscription, all 3 of which use three different languages (or at least writing systems as in the case of the Rosetta Stone) to describe a singular context of different vantage points amalgamated into a consolidated representation, like the 3 (more or less) multi-language brochures, pamphlets, instruction sheets, scripts, safety warnings, warranties, etc., accompanying many products today. Incidentally, while it comes to mind, the SCM can be referenced as an ensemble of three languages that create an image which is connected to the idea of a Marketplace where the Grand Unified Theory and Theory of Everything is being discussed, although typically being conversed about in the language of Physics attenuated with the accents of Mathematics. Nonetheless, all of them are metaphors, just like a pattern-of-three idea is a type of language with its own vernacular which has divorced itself from being in a subservient, servile position to Numerology, Mysticism, and Esoteric religious rationalizations.

Rosetta Stone

Wikipedia: The Rosetta Stone: is a granodiorite stele discovered in 1799 which is inscribed with three versions of a decree issued in Memphis, Egypt in 196 BC during the Ptolemaic dynasty on behalf of King Ptolemy V Epiphanes. The top and middle texts are in Ancient Egyptian using hieroglyphic and Demotic scripts respectively, while the bottom is in Ancient Greek. The decree has only minor differences among the three versions, so the Rosetta Stone became key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs, thereby opening a window into ancient Egyptian history.


Britannica, Rosetta Stone

(The Rosetta stone is an) ancient Egyptian stone bearing inscriptions in several languages and scripts; their decipherment led to the understanding of hieroglyphic writing. An irregularly shaped stone of black granite 3 feet 9 inches (114 cm) long and 2 feet 4.5 inches (72 cm) wide, and broken in antiquity, it was found near the town of Rosetta (Rashi-d), about 35 miles (56 km) northeast of Alexandria. It was discovered by a Frenchman named Bouchard or Boussard in August 1799. After the French surrender of Egypt in 1801, it passed into British hands and is now in the British Museum in London.

The inscriptions, apparently composed by the priests of Memphis, summarize benefactions conferred by Ptolemy V Epiphanes (205–180 BC) and were written in the ninth year of his reign in commemoration of his accession to the throne. Inscribed in two languages, Egyptian and Greek, and three writing systems, hieroglyphics, demotic script (a cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphics), and the Greek alphabet, it provided a key to the translation of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing.

The decipherment was largely the work of Thomas Young of England and Jean-François Champollion of France. The hieroglyphic text on the Rosetta Stone contains six identical cartouches (oval figures enclosing hieroglyphs). Young deciphered the cartouche as the name of Ptolemy and proved a long-held assumption that the cartouches found in other inscriptions were the names of royalty. By examining the direction in which the bird and animal characters faced, Young also discovered the way in which hieroglyphic signs were to be read.

In 1821–22 Champollion, starting where Young left off, began to publish papers on the decipherment of hieratic and hieroglyphic writing based on study of the Rosetta Stone and eventually established an entire list of signs with their Greek equivalents. He was the first Egyptologist to realize that some of the signs were alphabetic, some syllabic, and some determinative, standing for the whole idea or object previously expressed. He also established that the hieroglyphic text of the Rosetta Stone was a translation from the Greek, not, as had been thought, the reverse. The work of these two men established the basis for the translation of all future Egyptian hieroglyphic texts. ("Rosetta Stone." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013. (Britannica.com: Rosetta Stone)


Behistun Rock Inscription

Behistun Inscription: (also Bisotun, Bistun or Bisutun; Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning "the place of god") is a multilingual inscription and large rock relief on a cliff at Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran, near the city of Kermanshah in western Iran, established by Darius the Great (r. 522–486 BC). It was crucial to the decipherment of cuneiform script as the inscription includes three versions of the same text, written in three different cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian (a variety of Akkadian). The inscription is to cuneiform what the Rosetta Stone is to Egyptian hieroglyphs: the document most crucial in the decipherment of a previously lost script.


Gallle Trinlingual Inscription

The Galle Trilingual Inscription: is a stone tablet with an inscription in three languages, Chinese, Tamil and Persian, located in Galle, Sri Lanka. The stone tablet, dated 15 February 1409, was installed by the Chinese admiral Zheng He in Galle during his grand voyages.

The text concerns offerings made by him and others to the mountain Adams Peak in Sri Lanka. The Chinese inscription mentions offerings to Buddha, the Persian in Arabic script to Allah and the Tamil inscription mentions offering to Tenavarai Nayanar (Hindu god Vishnu). The admiral invoked the blessings of Hindu deities here for a peaceful world built on trade.[4] The stele was discovered in Galle in 1911 and is now preserved in the Colombo National Museum.

On his third voyage, Zheng He sailed from China in 1409, and carried with him the trilingual tablet which he planned to erect in Sri Lanka. The date equates to 15 February 1409, indicating that it was inscribed in Nanjing before the fleet set out. The Chinese portion gives praise to the Buddha and records lavish offerings in his honour.

The tablet was found by an engineer, S. H. Thomlin, in 1911 in Galle. It can now be seen in the national museum in Sri Lanka. A modern replica of the stele has been installed in the Treasure Boat Shipyard Park in Nanjing, along with copies of other steles associated with the voyages of Zheng He.

Universities are sometimes viewed as marketplaces where the wares being offered are different perspectives within which are generated specialized vernaculars a addressing a wide spectrum of interests, many of which involve the acquisition of a social position, social power and financial support for one's livelihood. While there are a few who seek knowledge to uncover the existence of some presumed revelatory truth and are not focused predominantly on developing some personal social advantage with respect to money or career position, all of us seekers-of-truth latch on to some language preference that provides us with personally useful metaphors for perceiving, analyzing and illustrating our perceptions. Sometimes these illustrations, like the SCM, have a wider appeal than others, because they are a type of Rosetta stone. If not presenting us with the threshold of a possible doorway, than a keyhole or presumed key... be it a universal skeleton key or three-patterned code for a combination lock whose sequence we try to work out. Is it right- left- right like the directions given to children before crossing a street, or the left, left, left... right of marching: Gimme' (give me)- your left, Gimme' your left, Gimmee' you left—right.? Or is it some diagonal, vertical, horizontal move applied in a chess-like manner? Or how about in a solid- liquid- gas ensemble of formulation? Or how about the [1/3rd, 2/3rds, 1} three-patterned ensemble of particle physics, if not the 3 quarks/3 anti-quarks, proton-neutron-electron ensembles?

However, it is rather foolish to expect humanity to discover a Theory of Everything from a perspective isolated on a planet in a solar system undergoing an incremental deterioration that humanity, as a biological organism is being forced to adapt to and thus create accompanying rationalizations for... such as all the ideas being heard in the marketplace of ideas. One of which is the costly built toys of particle physics called the Hadron collider whose funds would be better spent if humanity would direct its energies for getting the species off the planet, out of the Solar system and then away from this galaxy.

Quite frequently from my time and place in the American culture to which I presently reside, I encounter such representations involving the languages of English, Spanish and French, though on some occasions I have encountered more than three languages supplied as an instruction and/or information manual for some products. In fact, one might see a given type face and size being used preferentially for a given language as an expressed egotistical assertion imposed on manufacturers by a government insisting that its desired language be shown in a prominent manner over other languages. In the American culture it is not infrequent to find the usage of the English, French and Spanish languages on different products which are sold in Canada, Meso-America (Mexico), South America and the U.S. Here is but one example:


Huggies brand baby wipes with 3 languages

Other products may have their own commonly occurring suite of languages, depending on where a given product is sold or available to be purchased. Hence, let me mention that writing systems are a type of coded languages one need not necessarily be fluent in so long as they have what is frequently referred to as a "key" by which to unlock an assumed message waiting to be deciphered... and yet deciphering does not guarantee the contents of the message... be it a string of words, numbers, or other symbols and spaces; will be appreciably understood as the writer intended... though the (otherwise crude) decipherment may be applied to some familiar context... even if it is not actually intended for the context to which someone has applied it to. Very often where one supposes some magical, mystical or otherwise informative information is thought to exist (like so very many misguided explorer of the past who may nonetheless have sincere and honest intentions of discovering something that will be of great value to humanity); turns out to be an everyday grocery or "things to do" list. though what we have seen thus far in deciphering ancient texts, is little more than some inventory of goods or personalized exploits of those who have been in a position of capitalizing on their greed or lust for goods, services, territory, power, wealth, etc... So much for the sought after and hoped-for great knowledge and wisdom supposedly held by ancient peoples that either became lost or destroyed.

Alas, their appears to be no profound wisdom, knowledge, insight, appreciation, etc., to be discovered and make monumental usage of for the betterment of humanity. The information thus far being found is typically shelved onto some museum rack because it has no practical value though philosophers retain an intellectual interest in a small part of a larger conversation relevant to their time and requirements of practicality. In other words, when words or symbols or impressions do not provide some starkly preserved great understanding to be unveiled; people make things up and often engage in rationalization in an effort to make use of something that may have cost a lot of time, energy, money and other resources. Making usage of it helps to mollify any misgivings which may arise as to the loss of any resource that might have been put to better usage elsewhere, if only those with the resources had the necessary wisdom for a fruitful application thereof. Sometimes, decoded messages are then subjected to someone else's code, thus doubling up the need for understanding the first script. Additional codes may either complicate or assist in the decipherment thereof, by linking together what may be thought of as unconnected or disparate ideas.

However, before continuing, since we humans are animals whose behavior mimics experiences we are experienced to, let us ask if the "threes phenomena" (like other patterns) is the result of some recurring influence? Do the three systems of expression used in the foregoing rock formations exhibit a mimicry of conscious and/or unconscious experiences involving similar patterns? In effect, if we cite a triplet code in DNA, are we using three different forms of expression and yet do not realize that we are? Or how about the three families of fundamental particles? Are each of them a type of language or symbolism which reveals a "deeper" knowledge but the human mind is getting in the way of a correct translation because we are resorting to the usage of old systems of metaphor such as religion, mathematics, etc? Do we need to develop a new system of metaphor for being able to interpret the constructed "Rosetta Stones" being found in multiple subjects such as the triplet code of DNA, three families of fundamental particles, three social classes, three colored stop lights, etc., etc. etc., even though we make usage of the patterns for what we think are practical applications? Like having found a chunk of stone that we think is pretty and use as a paper weight or door stop without realizing its greater potential or actual identity? Is this what we are being confronted with when we have created the idea of three families of fundamental particles? Are we using the information in a compacted form akin to a compressed ball of wax that we use for some practicality only to serve to make ourselves feel we have not wasted our time in our efforts to create the ball of wax with three different strains of color, sound, symbol, etc?

While we use various forms of metaphor (although typically words, numbers and other symbols) in devising an illustration of what we think we are perceiving and that the perception re-occurs in a three-patterned format, do we need to provide the metaphors used in one subject area to others? for example, though we have used the metaphors (vernacular) of physics to describe particle physics, is particle physics better understood (thereby providing greater insight) if we were to use the language of some other subject? Can we devise a computer program which will assist us in cross-referencing the metaphors (and patterns thereof) of one subject with that of another? Since leaps and bounds of discovery are very often discovered by someone applying a different technique (a different metaphor), can we not increase the opportunity of discovery (and perhaps application) if we were to introduce a controlled type of serendipity, ("experimental accident")? Then again, if we did develop a program which could align different three-patterned (etc...) ideas with different symbols (like a slot machine or the old World War II wheeled code {Enigma} machines), would we also need a computer program to assist us in the interpretation thereof? While we might stumble on a very unique combination (like someone figuring out the sequence of numbers to open a safe or combination lock), how would we know what to do with the contents found inside if we have no former, no previous basis for realization... because that which is found is significantly different than what the human mind is accustomed to in thinking about... or goes against one or more grains of conventionality?

While we have created different types of "locks" based on the kinds of combinations (listed items such as particles, amino acids, social classes we think we have found and give an account of, we do not know if either the lock design or the combinations are correct. For example the combinations of particles are being subjected to the intellectual manufacturing process typically used by physicists to unlock some supposed "Theory of Everything" or "Grand Unified Theory", while geneticists use the combinations of three amino acids (actually four which should be referenced as a three-to-one ratio), to assume they have unraveled the secret code of life, instead of having uncovered but a sequence in a larger system of lock tumblers. While the code can unlock a DNA ancestry, it does not help us in its present form to unlock the mystery of why a pattern-of-three is being used...over and over and over again as if we are being subjected to a rigged system seen in present day casino gaming houses.

The first slot machines in the modern sense were invented by Charles August Fey, at the time a mechanic in San Francisco, who built his first coin-operated gambling machine in 1894. The following year Fey built the 4-11-44 in his basement; it proved so successful at a local saloon that he soon quit his job and opened a factory to produce more units. In 1898 Fey built the Card Bell, the first three-reel slot machine with automatic cash payouts. The Card Bell had a handle that set the reels in motion when it was pushed down and playing card suitmarks that lined up to form poker hands. His next slot machine, the Liberty Bell, was built in 1899 and used horseshoes and bells as well as playing card suitmarks on the reels. Three bells lined up in a row meant the top payout. Chiefly because of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, only 4 of more than 100 Liberty Bell machines built by Fey survive. The Liberty Bell proved immensely popular among saloon patrons in San Francisco and was quickly copied by Fey's competitors, such as the Mills Novelty Company of Chicago.

Forces of morality and the clergy, and then of law, frequently opposed the operation of slot machines. By the time San Francisco banned them in 1909, there were some 3,300 slot machines in the city. In order to circumvent the law, Fey and his competitors built machines with no coin slots in which purchase and payout (perhaps in drinks and cigars) occurred surreptitiously across a saloon counter. Soon most slot-machine factories relocated, especially to Chicago.

The ubiquitous reel symbols of various fruits were first used in 1909 by the Industry Novelty Company. In an effort to circumvent legal restrictions on slot machines, the company called its machines chewing gum dispensers, replaced suitmarks on the reels with fruit symbols that suggested various flavours of chewing gum, and built a few machines that really did dispense gum. The idea was copied in the following year by the Mills Novelty Company, which added on their reels a picture of a chewing gum pack (soon stylized as the well-known "bar" symbol). The Mills Novelty Company also invented the "jackpot" in 1916, whereby certain combinations of symbols on the reels regurgitated all the coins in the machine.

After World War II the machines came into worldwide use as governments were drawn by the prospect of tax revenue. (In 1988 slot machines were permitted in French casinos, ending a 50-year ban.) In the 1950s electromechanical slot machines allowed many new payout schemes, such as 3- and 5-coin multipliers, where the sizes of the payouts are proportional to the number of coins inserted before the handle is pulled. Video slot machines, which simulate reels on a monitor, were introduced in Las Vegas in 1975. Such machines have had limited success; for the slot-machine addict, the action of pulling the handle, the sound of the reels falling into line, and most of all the jangle of cascading coins are essential parts of the attraction. In 1986 electronic systems were introduced to link numerous slot machines in different locations and thereby allow a fraction of each inserted coin to go into a shared “super jackpot,” which may reach an extremely large size before it is won; for example, in 2003 a Las Vegas slot machine paid out nearly $40 million.

Modern slot machines contain solid-state electronics that can be set for any desired frequency of payouts. Thus, the house advantage varies widely between about 1 and 50 percent depending on circumstances, such as legal requirements and competition from other casinos. Slot machines are by far the largest profit generator for nearly every casino, averaging 30 to 50 percent or even more of total revenue. Nevada alone has more than 200,000 slot machines. During the 1990s their number began to slowly decline because of competition from video poker machines.

Dan Glimne: Writer and game designer. Author of Pokerhandboken, among others.


"slot machine." Encyclopædia Britannica. (Britannica.com: Slot Machine)



Wikipedia Slot Machine: Symbols can vary depending on the machine, but often include objects such as fruits, bells, and stylized lucky sevens. Most slot games have a theme, such as a specific aesthetic, location, or character. Symbols and other bonus features of the game are typically aligned with the theme. Some themes are licensed from popular media franchises, including films, television series (including game shows such as Wheel of Fortune), entertainers, and musicians.




At the dawn of the slot industry, reels had only ten symbols on them but with the development of technologies, the number has increased drastically. Manufacturers wanted to add more symbols for more possible combinations, which in turn allowed them to offer bigger winnings and, thus, to attract more players.

Let us look at an example and calculate how many possible combinations a three-reel slot machine with 10 symbols on each wheel has.

Combinations = 10 x 10 x 10 = 1,000

This means the chances of hitting the rarest combination are 0.1%, which translates into smaller maximum winnings for the player because the machines are designed to be profitable for the company that operates them.

Later on, the typical slot machine consisted of three reels with 20 symbols on each of them, which translates into 8,000 combinations. An improvement, which nevertheless restricted slot machine operators from paying out major jackpots.

However, with the advancement of the electronic age and the implementation of microprocessors, the possible combinations have grown substantially. For example, a digital reel may have 256 symbols on it for more than 16 million possible combinations.

Those calculations only apply to three-reel slot machines, but as we mentioned before, the one-armed bandits could have up to ten reels, for a total number of combinations of 1,20892582×1024!

Components of the Slot Machine Casino News Daily, April 25th, 2020

Like slot machines whose symbols have changed from time to time, for example; if we were to take the words Proton, Neutron, Electron and put them or some associated symbols on the wheels of a different type of "slot machine" (put into play for enhancing human knowledge) along with words such as adenosine, Major premise, A, cytosine, Minor premise, B, guanine, Conclusion, C, or xyz, A2 B2 C2, hamburger, fries, soft drink, etc..., and instead of the customary assortment of proton- neutron- electron we encounter adenosine- cytosine- guanine but have no previous experience for the usage of the latter three; can we make usage of them because we humans have somehow consider the three ideas now being used in a different subject area other than physics, to have a similar valuation independent of and yet in congruous with the whole? Is it possible to devise a computer program to not only be smarter than ourselves but be able to teach us to be smarter than the humanity we are under the ongoing incremental deteriorating conditions of the Earth, the Solar system and galaxy? Can we set a computer program into operation which will become self-aware and learn how to learn and develop the existence of a consciousness which some refer to as an emergent property which comes about by a certain accumulation of information which "boils over" so-to-speak... like a fish not only having evolved lungs and feet, but the realization they must get out of the frying pan?

In most cases, academic subjects construct a roulette wheel, poker table, slot machine, dice table, etc., with a limited set of symbols and or main ideas. By so doing, the authority of the established particularized game(s) can ensure the ideological outcome. For example, this is akin to limiting the symbols on a slot machine to two or three affixed to three wheels. While there are researchers in given fields who have come to intellectually practice altering the combinations of symbols, they typically retain the same number of wheels which give us such ideas as three families of fundamental particles and a triplet code, and three colored stop- wait- go lights, three main university degrees, etc...

Instead of being dependent on nature and nurture (genetics and social circumstances) to produce the occasional genius, gifted person, idiot savant, talented, etc. individual to come up with some startlingly new idea and/or product and/or application of an old idea or product; can we not come to view the many occurrences of "threes" (as well as the overall limited pattern array we use) as items that can be placed on slot machine wheels; and given a controlled context; help to produce greater insight than that which at present gives the impression humanity is being subjected to a rigged system? Not only do we see a limited number of cognitive patterns, but nature itself appears to be playing this same game of conservation in that when we cite the periodic table of elements, we see that there is a limited quantity and quality.

With so very many "threes" being pulled out of different minds, one might want to consider that humanity is being subjected to the environment of a casino in which the collective is engaged in playing one or another game having some system of three; all of whom are waiting for some hoped for big "payout". Whereas we find those who switch between games (subjects), or between slot machines (specific ideas) in an effort to improve their chances of discovering a "big win" (for which they might earn the Nobel prize), far too many get convinced like a lottery player that if they stick with the same number(s) or types of scratch tickets, they will eventually win... because in losing they somehow equate this with having paid some person dues. Many a scientist and other professional persist in what they do because they too get into a habit of "doubling" or "tripling," etc., down if they do not realize that which is expected to be won, even if the winning is not accurately defined. They await something that might well be measured of great value simply because others in a person's social circumstances come to define something of being great value but it actually has nothing of value beyond a mere belief status.

While different translations of a seemingly "coded" message may facilitate a clearer understanding of a supposed message being conveyed, the attempted translations may create more confusion because they are wrong. This "wrongness" has been addressed over and over again, with a good example having come from Fracis Bacon with respect to his "idols of the mind". And yet, he offered no means of addressing the issue such as removing humanity from its presence on Earth, the Solar system and the galaxy. If not the recurrence of patterns-of-three in many subjects, then the overall conservation of enumerated patterns being used despite the fact that number patterns are seemingly infinitely available for use. And although Bacon spoke of four types of idols, a three-to-one distinction is quite evident:

In the first book of Novum Organum Bacon discusses the causes of human error in the pursuit of knowledge. Aristotle had discussed logical fallacies, commonly found in human reasoning, but Bacon was original in looking behind the forms of reasoning to underlying psychological causes. He invented the metaphor of "idol" to refer to such causes of human error.

Bacon distinguishes four idols, or main varieties of proneness to error.

  1. The idols of the tribe are certain intellectual faults that are universal to mankind, or, at any rate, very common.
    1. One, for example, is a tendency toward over-simplification, that is, toward supposing, for the sake of tidiness, that there exists more order in a field of inquiry than there actually is.
    2. Another is a propensity to be overly influenced by particularly sudden or exciting occurrences that are in fact unrepresentative.
  2. The idols of the cave are the intellectual peculiarities of individuals. One person may concentrate on the likenesses, another on the differences, between things. One may fasten on detail, another on the totality.
  3. The idols of the marketplace are the kinds of error for which language is responsible. It has always been a distinguishing feature of English philosophy to emphasize the unreliable nature of language, which is seen, nominalistically, as a human improvisation. Nominalists argue that even if the power of speech is given by God, it was Adam who named the beasts and thereby gave that power its concrete realization. But language, like other human achievements, partakes of human imperfections. Bacon was particularly concerned with the superficiality of distinctions drawn in everyday language, by which things fundamentally different are classed together (whales and fishes as fish, for example) and things fundamentally similar are distinguished (ice, water, and steam). But he was also concerned, like later critics of language, with the capacity of words to embroil men in the discussion of the meaningless (as, for example, in discussions of the deity Fortune). This aspect of Bacon's thought has been almost as influential as his account of natural knowledge, inspiring a long tradition of skeptical rationalism, from the Enlightenment to Comtian positivism of the 19th and logical positivism of the 20th centuries.
  • The fourth and final group of idols is that of the idols of the theatre, that is to say mistaken systems of philosophy in the broadest, Baconian sense of the term, in which it embraces all beliefs of any degree of generality. Bacon's critical polemic in discussing the idols of the theatre is lively but not very penetrating philosophically. He speaks, for example, of the vain affectations of the humanists, but they were not a very apt subject for his criticism. Humanists were really anti-philosophers who not unreasonably turned their attention to non-philosophical matters because of the apparent inability of philosophers to arrive at conclusions that were either generally agreed upon or useful. Bacon does have something to say about the skeptical philosophy to which humanists appealed when they felt the need for it. Insofar as skepticism involves doubts about deductive reasoning, he has no quarrel with it. Insofar as it is applied not to reason but to the ability of the senses to supply the reason with reliable premises to work from, he brushes it aside too easily.



Book II of the Advancement of Learning and Books II to IX of the De Augmentis Scientiarum contain an unprecedentedly thorough and detailed systematization of the whole range of human knowledge. Bacon begins with a distinction of three faculties:

  1. Memory (history): History has an inclusive sense and means all knowledge of singular, individual matters of fact.
  2. Imagination (poesy): "poesy" is "feigned history" and not taken to be cognitive at all and so really irrelevant. After subdividing poesy perfunctorily into narrative, representative (or dramatic), and allusive (or parabolically) forms, Bacon gives it no further consideration.
  3. Reason (philosophy): Bacon acknowledges something he calls first philosophy, which is secular but not confined to nature or to society. It is concerned with the principles, such as they are, that are common to all the sciences. Natural philosophy divides into natural science as theory on the one hand and the practical discipline of applying natural science's findings to "the relief of man's estate" on the other, which he misleadingly describes as natural magic. The former is "the inquisition of causes," the latter, "the production of effects."

(H.O.B. note: the article has a great deal more information than the small amount being provided. I am merely sketching some patterns-of-three:)

  • In England three systems of thought prevailed in the late 16th century: Aristotelian Scholasticism, scholarly and aesthetic humanism, and occultism.

Anthony M. Quinton, Baron Quinton: Chairman, British Library Board, 1985–90. President, Trinity College, Oxford, 1978–87; Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Oxford, 1950–78. Author of The Nature of Things.

"Bacon, Francis, Viscount Saint Alban (or Albans), Baron Verulam ." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013. (Britannica.com: Francis Bacon)

One might also reference the SCM as a type of concoction, conglomeration, ensemble, cell, or cocktail... to give but a handful of metaphors that a person might venture to creatively think in terms of. Many, either apparently disparate or seemingly similar groups-of-three are found in a variety of contexts, thus suggesting that the basic "three" configuration has some necessary value for human thinking processes or is at the very least, an often used formula by which perceptions are amalgamated. It is not that we aren't able to see and use other patterns as well, the fact that when we put all the recurring patterns together and find that we humans only use a small assortment over and over and over again, tells us that we are either being encouraged or forced to do so, or it is a habit that we need to come to terms with and identify whether it is an established asset or hindrance to our desired progress.

With respect to the idea of a "cocktail" of ideas (or expressions such as writing systems, art forms, music exhibitions, etc.) representing a language and a cocktail of languages representing an idea, the inter-change and exchange of these different concepts might be understood from at least one vantage point, if I use an example using a life and death situation. Such an example is found in the usage of three drugs as a lethal injection to carry out the execution of a condemned prisoner. Each of the drugs is a different language so-to-speak, in the sense that they perform different functions on human physiology:

3 drug cocktail for lethal injection

During a lethal injection procedure, an inmate is strapped to a gurney, a padded stretcher normally used for transporting hospital patients. The typical lethal injection consists of three chemicals that an executioner injects into a viable part of the inmate's body (usually the arms) in the following order:

  1. Sodium thiopental, a barbiturate commonly used as an anesthesia for surgery, which is supposed to induce sleep and the loss of consciousness in about 20 seconds.
  2. Pancuronium bromide, a total muscle relaxant that, given in sufficient dosages, stops breathing by paralyzing the diaphragm and lungs.
  3. Potassium chloride, a drug that induces cardiac arrest and stops the inmate's heartbeat permanently.

If all goes as planned, the entire execution takes about five minutes, with death usually occurring less than two minutes after the final injection. However, botched lethal injection executions have sometimes required more than an hour to achieve death.

Deborah W. Denno: Professor of Law, Fordham University, New York. Author of Biology and Violence: From Birth to Adulthood.

"lethal injection." Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite, 2013. ( Britannic.com: Lethal Injection)


With respect to law in the U.S., one might frequently encounter the notion about a court room occurrence in which a witness that is about to be questioned is sworn in under the three-patterned provision of "Tell the Truth- The Whole Truth- Nothing But The Truth". If this is not to be interpreted as a three- patterned embellishment of a singular idea, then one must philosophically consider that each statement concerns the occasion of "Truth" being represented by three different languages with the same type of writing script. Otherwise we might be inclined to interpret it as a hold-over behavior from infancy in that babies often resort to the usage of "reduplcations"... that is, sequential reiteration of the same sounds. Other reiterations found in law frequently rely on two-patterned fixations (called legal doublets) such as "cease and desist". (Other examples can be found on this page: Embellished dichotomies page 1). The fact that the human brain appears to reassuringly resort to the adoption of a three-patterned language description may mean that there are either three separate brains working as one, three types of vantage points being addressed into some attempted consolidation, or... as another example of explanation, three language variations are simultaneously being conveyed within the scope of an individual's ability to express themselves. If they have lived a life in which their foremost language of expression has been a single subject, no doubt the "threeness" (whatever it actually is in terms of human accommodation and usage); they will then attempt to use a single subject's vocabulary (within the range of its limitations), to convey three different perceptions or three different vantage points or three different interpretations of an impression. However, this does not preclude the exclusion of thinking that the human brain may use a type of three-patterned mechanism by which stimulus events are received.


What I am thinking of at the moment is the brain effecting some flip-flopping of environmental cues in an exercise similar to the eyes inverting images on the brain denoted as vision. If the brain is a filtering mechanism, it may of a three-slit variety, instead of a two-slit structure used by those in the field of physics to try and fashion some understanding of whether atomic nuclei are particles or waves. The human brain may be "splitting" perceptions into a group-of-three on multiple occasions, thus rendering the usage of a three-patterned ensemble of expression. This possibility not only arises if we include the concept of the Triune brain, but the fact that our eyes uses a trichromatic {three-color system} along with the 3 cones and 1 rod 3-to-1 ratio pattern; including the cornea being responsible for about two-thirds of the eye's optical power, and the lens provides the remaining one-third.

However, from the Wikipedia and other sources we find that There are currently three known types of photoreceptor cells in mammalian eyes:

  1. Rods
  2. Cones
  3. Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells.

The two classic photoreceptor cells are rods and cones, each contributing information used by the visual system to form a representation of the visual world, sight. The rods are narrower than the cones and distributed differently across the retina, but the chemical process in each that supports photo-transduction is similar. A third class of mammalian photoreceptor cell was discovered during the 1990s: the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells. These cells do not contribute to sight directly, but are thought to support circadian rhythms and pupillary reflex."


3 types of rods and 1 type of cones

3 types of photoreceptors

One must wonder if the human brain "occasionally" exhibits a primitive state of development and exercises an unrecognized perception of reality similar to the eyes of insects, thus revealing the presence of "blurred, shadowy, imprecise, hinting", vague, echoing", etc. shadows of impression which may at times influence thought:

The main eyes of many insect larvae consist of a small number of ocelli, each with a single cornea. The main organs of sight of most insects as adults are the compound eyes, but flying insects also have three simple dorsal ocelli. These are generally under-focused, giving blurred images; their function is to monitor the zenith and the horizon, supplying a rapid reaction system for maintaining level flight. (Britannica: "photo-reception.")

If not the usage of similar visual mechanisms found in insects, then perhaps we might consider the human brain occasionally resorting to some exercise of perception akin to those "lower" light forms which inhabit a nocturnal or dim light existence, particularly when it is noted that many have referred to fellow humans as having a "dimly lit" brain:

Crepuscular (active at twilight) and nocturnal insects (e.g., moths), as well as many crustaceans from the dim midwater regions of the ocean, have compound eyes known as superposition eyes, which are fundamentally different from the apposition type. In superposition eyes the number of facets that contribute to the production of a single image depends on the type of optical mechanism involved. There are three general mechanisms:

  1. Based on lenses (refracting superposition).
  2. Mirrors (reflecting superposition).
  3. Lens-mirror combinations (parabolic superposition).

Britannica: "photoreception." 2013, Ultimate Reference Suite. (Britannica.com: Photoreception)


In addition to these short references concerning the eye, let me make reference to the ear having its own assortment of three-patterned mechanisms which provide a three-patterned filtered "translation" of the environment before it reaches the brain. It should be noted that some of those who claim themselves to be an expert in linquistics do not typically include a discussion of or even a reference to audiology, though the role of hearing has a great impact on speech an one's overall language ability in many commonplace respects. In other words, neither do they recognize the recurrence of threes in the study of language or hearing, much less make a third referencing effort to three-patterned cognitive organizations.


Patterns-of-three in the ear

Language development may be directly related to how we hear:

3-Patterned Ear Structure
3 overall divisions: Outer ear~ Inner ear~ Middle ear
3 middle ear divisions: Tympanum~ Epitympanum~ Mastoid antrum
3 eardrum membranes: Cutaneum~ Collagen fibers~ Mucosm
3 semi-circular canals: Used for balance (equilibrium)
3 bones: (ossicular chain) Incus~ Stapes~ Malleus
3 main malleus ligaments: Anterior~ Lateral~ Superior
3 incus anchorage points: Malleus~ Stapes~ Bony fossa wall
3 cochlea sections: (Scala) Vestibuli~ Tympani~ Cochlear duct
3 extrinsic muscles (Auricularis): Anterior~ Superior~ Posterior
3 sound conduction paths: Electrical~ Mechanical~ Fluid
or: Bone (solid)~ Air (gas)~ Fluid (liquid)
3 nerve stimulation paths: Mechanical~ Chemical~ Electrical
3 outer hair cell rows typical in mammals
but some sources give 3, 4, or 5
Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) is synthesized by inner and outer hair cells of the developing organ of Corti. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is also synthesized. (Prestin is the motor protein of the outer hair cells.)
3 sound qualities: Pitch~ Volume (intensity)~ Tone
3 sound wave propagation processes: Diffraction~ Transmission~ Reflection
3 main forms of ossicular chain fixation: Fluid~ Mechanical~ Otosclerosis
3 classes of ossicular lever action: Force arm~ Resistance arm~ Fulcrum
3 acoustic distortion forms: Frequency~ Phase~ Amplitude
3 basic properties of vibrating bodies: Inertia~ Elasticity~ Dissipation
3 principal types of deafness: Conduction~ Nerve~Stimulation
3 types of hearing loss: Conductive~ Sensorineural~ Mixed
3 (inner ear) organs of balance: Semicircular canals~ Utricle~ Saccule
(collectively called the vestibular organ, which can be referred to as a {3-in-1} ratio.)

Language 3's page 1




Date of Origination: Saturday, 14th March 2020... 6:11 AM
Date of Initial Posting: Friday, 8th May 2020... 4:48 PM
Updated Posting: Tuesday, 15th September, 2020... 7:50 AM