Threesology Research Journal
Links That May Be of Interest

~ The Study of Threes ~
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3 to 1 ratio in Mendelian genetics


3-fold human

3-foldness of man 3-foldness of mouse - lion - cow 3-foldness of horse - pig - cow 3-foldness of Suina 3-foldness of odd-toed ungulates


Patterns-of-three occurring in nature


Pero and the 3 faces of a cube


Number 3 in Asia Number 3 in the Bible Number 3 in Mythology Number 3 in Greek Mythology Number 3 in Norse Mythology

A small set of repeating numbers being used



Here are three links for Dr. Dundez's article "The Number Three in the American Culture" which appeared in an old 1967-1968 book entitled "Every Man His Way" (which is a collection of different Cultural Anthropology readings):


Aside from the threes in Fairy tales, a researcher of the "threes phenomena" is likely to come across Georges Dumezil's Trifunctional hypothesis that I commonly referred to as the "Tripartite Ideology" of Indo-European peoples which led me to see a timeline of development with respect to consciousness... or at least an effort by humans to record how they were cataloguing different perceptions of the world.


Multiple three-patterned correlations

In the instance of transcribing a developmental scenario to the occasion by which humanity has developed a (positive, neutral or negative) interest in one or another number pattern (to be differentiated from those used as markers for organizing research materials), I can readily see a duality mindset in the earlier Chinese culture, (notably the yin/yang perspective) and an assumed singularity amongst the more ancient Africans (in line with the out-of-Africa hypothesis for humanity), due to the need for a mindset consistent for a terrain in which day-to- day survival was paramount and is consistent with the notion of the Triune brain idea of Paul D. MacLean which posits that the human brain transitioned from a more primitive functionality where "survival of the fittest" or "eat/be eaten" (as a predator or as a prey) was the day-to-day dominant "preoccupation".

I was guessing of course, but had to further note that the "later born" Europeans called Americans came to express an abundant usage of three-patterned ideas more so than their "earlier born" European counter-parts, thus serving to suggest that there was a one, two, three developmental sequence for humans to adopt a pattern of thinking along different orientations which were numerically identifiable. An interesting point to make in the case of the Dumezilian controversy is why anyone would want to make a stressed point about something they feel is wrong unless it were a springboard means of presenting an alternative idea? In other words, is it the value of "three" which attracts both (oppose/advocate) sides of the coin? Of further interest is to note that in arguing against the Dumezilian tripartite idea we can find those who come up with views expressing dualities and those who come up with quadrated (quadralineal) systems for identifying functionality, but none of them are taking a step back and recognizing that when taken together, these 2-3-4 ideas comprise yet another tripartite ensemble of consciousness.


A correlation of sequences

Another pattern which has arisen in the realm of the Dumezilian discussion has been made by Professor Emily Lyle, has already been recognized in other subjects and referred to as a Three to One ratio (3 "2" 1 ratio) sometimes viewed in the format of a 3-in-1, 3-to-1, 1-from-3, out-of-three = one, out-of-many: one (E Pluribus Unum), and may even be labeled a four or 2 X 2, etc., though use of other numbers can produce similar results. One over-riding point to be emphasized is that with so many people in a given society, why are roles subjected to a lowest common denominator type of mentality instead of a greater common denominator or factor as might be suggested by a presumed practice of democracy or greater equality for the greater number of people?

Emily Lyle has offered her own rendition and rearrangement of the Dumezilian scheme, expressing an 'expansive' view basically claiming that the presence of Trifunctional (or certainly triplex) phenomena in cultures beyond the IE does not in fact invalidate Dumezil's theory, but expands its usefulness (e.g. Lyle, 1996, 103: 'Broadening the Perspective on Dumezil's Three Functions', in E. C. Polome (ed.), Indo-European Religion After Dumezil.). However, her reading and penetration of the archaic materials (IE and non-IE) has led her to a type of quadripartite formulation in which three approximately Functional representations, all male, are accompanied and brought into a final unity by a dominant female potency (Lyle 1990, 11-25: Archaic Cosmos: Polarity, Space and Time, Edinburgh: Polygon). This part of her theory has been supported—and specifically in important segments of the IE linguistic-cultural camp—by the investigations of a Swedish scholar, Britt-Mari Nasstrom (1995): Freya: The Great Goddess of the North, Lund: Navapress (Lund Studies in History of Religions, Vol. V.), who found that the Norse goddess Freya/Friggya had an omni-functional association or projection (as she was the wife of the chief god, a battle goddess, and a goddess emblematic and protective of fertility and sexuality), and that this pattern was not at all uncommon elsewhere in the fund of archaic IE materials. While maintaining this possibility, Lyle has also advanced the thesis that the Feminine (which I have capitalized to show the abstraction) may be perceived not as a fourth entity strictly speaking, but as the 'rope' or whole formed by the three strands of the Functions. [H.O.B. note: sounds like an image from genetics referring to amino acids linked on a strand of the double-helix.] Again, this is not necessarily, in her thinking, a conceptualization limited only to the archaic IE thought-world (Lyle 1996: 102-3).

Excerpt from: Playing (with) The Numbers: Variations on a Dumezilian Theme by Dean A. Miller (JASO 3011 (1999): 35-50)


Here are some web pages that I copied off the internet over the years. I have not re-checked to see whether or not they are still active. At the time, since many pages were not being kept up, I felt it was necessary to make a copy of the information. I still think this idea is relevant but saving the information from pages is a bit more time consuming now than it was a few years back. This list comes from the First contents page.

  1. Internet 3s pg 1 collection
  2. Internet 3s pg 2 collection
  3. Internet 3s pg 3 collection
  4. Internet 3s pg 4 collection
  5. Internet 3s pg 5 collection
  6. Internet 3s pg 6 collection
  7. Internet 3s pg 7 collection
  8. Internet 3s pg 8 Number 3 in Scripture by E. W. Bullinger
  9. Internet 3s pg 9 The Triple Goddess in Celtic Tradition by Montague Whitsel
  10. Internet 3s pg 10 The Rhythm of the Number Three by Douglas Stringham
  11. Internet 3s pg 11 Numbers in the Bible By Edward Kalinowski
  12. Internet 3s pg 12 collection
  13. Internet 3s pg 13 collection
  14. Internet 3s pg 14 collection
  15. Internet 3s pg 15 Tripartite World and Triune Logic v.3.5 by Iain MacAnTsaoir
  16. Internet 3s pg 16 Carl Jung and the Trinitarian Self by Michael J Brabazon
  17. Internet 3s pg 17 Words and Numbers: Mathematical dimensions of Rhetoric by Allen H. Merriam
  18. Internet 3s pg 18 Triads: Structure of Everything by Brian Miller
  19. Internet 3s pg 19 collection
  20. Internet 3's pg 20 Numerology: The Number Three
  21. Internet 3's pg 21 collection
  22. Internet 3's pg 22 Astrology: Classical use of Triplicities by Deborah Houlding
  23. Internet 3's pg 23 collection

As the title states, this page is intended for Threes Researchers. If you are unfamiliar with "threes" as a research project, the information may or may not be of interest to those who have not themselves ever noticed a frequency of patterns-of-three in different subject areas (other than the typical attention given to specific culturally-related examples such as death (or calamity) occurs in threes, people waking up some time between 3 and 4 AM (claimed by some as a spiritual awakening), or hearing three knocks, or expressions such a three times the charm, threes in fairy tales, the Trinity (in and out of Christianity), etc....


Page Originated: Thursday, 13th September 2018... 8:02 AM
Initial Posting: Thursday, 13th September 2018... 8:37 AM
Updated Posting: Thursday, February 20th, 2020... 12:45 PM