Threesology Research Journal
The Devil's Advocate and 3's Research
~ 34 ~

~ The Study of Threes ~
http://threesology.org


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Devil's Advocate Series:
pg.1 pg.2 pg.3 pg.4 pg.5 pg.6 pg.7 pg.8 pg.9
pg.10 pg.11 pg.12 pg.13 pg.14 pg.15 pg.16 pg.17 pg.18
pg.19 pg.20 pg.21 pg.22 pg.23 pg.24 pg.25 pg.26 pg.27
pg.28 pg.29 pg.30 A pg.30 B pg.31 pg.32 pg.33a pg.33b pg.33c
pg.34 pg.35 pg.36 pg.37



Note: I was at the point of continuing the previous discussion only to the development of a third page, but my thoughts ran into examples which I thought were of value to include. Yet, instead of placing this page as a forth and adding several other with letter designations, I will continue the previous digression involving the dichotomous analog/digital topic onto the next page in the series. Hence, this will be page 34, though the initial content was taken from the end of the previous page which started getting longer than the 30KB I try to stay near so that the page loads faster, that is if I haven't attached multiple images to it.




Let's take a "for example" definition of an analog and digital signal: as a continuation of the pervious page along with a further step onto the territory of distinguishing the presence of trichotomization trying to make its way into a mindset that had preoccupied itself with various ideas and practices of dichotomy:

Analog Digital
An Analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal. It differs from a digital signal in terms of small fluctuations in the signal which are meaningful. A digital signal uses discrete (discontinuous) values. By contrast, non-digital (or analog) systems use a continuous range of values to represent information. Although digital representations are discrete, the information represented can be either discrete, such as numbers or letters, or continuous, such as sounds, images, and other measurements of supposed continuous systems. (For example, it is said that the once endless oceans of the world later became viewed as having an edge, just as some have imagined the Universe to go on forever, while others speak in terms of a Universe edge. No less, if infinity is of great importance, then the usage of a finite set of elements and a finite coding system in genetics seems to be in opposition to this, though some may want to make a claim for the need of conservation... which is a need only in a closed, if not deteriorating system.)

Analog vs. Digital

For example, for good or ill, the use of an abstraction involving commonly recognized items may be of usage to some readers enabled to step in and out of their commonly used observation box without being unwieldily distracted: Let us place a clock next to a single burning candle atop a cake. All are variables to one another in that a measurement of change can customarily be detected (the clock hands move, the wick and wax deteriorate, and the cake comes to be cut, served and eaten).


Abstractly looking at the concept of analog and digital

However, in this case the clock has no numbers or other symbols on it, the candle is of a given length with a type of wax and wick that do not deteriorate within the range of a set perception, and the cake is artificially contrived to give the impression of a real cake to be eaten... like many a plastic, wooden, marble, or wax fruit set into a bowl atop a table or shelf. The 3-part "clock, candle and cake" ensemble is meant to give the reader the image of change in the variable being labeled as time that, if time is not acknowledged as a standard occurrence (as it is in the present usage of measurement across the world), clocks and watches could well be interpreted to be changing (if, in this example of consideration it had sequential numbers or other symbols on its "face"), due to a perceived change in the state of the candle (if the wick and wax deteriorated due to being burned off), and the cake would then be eaten as the third event in this routinely unrecognized three-part scenario (revolving around some notion of when and where the candles and cake are to be introduced in the festivities, where a certain moment in time is frequently set for the cake with lit candles to be brought out). In other words, instead of the cake and candle getting the attention, it is the clock which is being focused on in this reversal of observation and accountability.

In this sense, we have reversed the usage of time as that to be measured for change instead of it being used to measure change; in that the reverse of this condition is taking place, where time is measured by external events and not another clock designated as a time-piece, though this is in fact what all measured changes can be interpreted as— since time remains relatively stationary (as a stabilized recurrence, in that we do not arbitrarily add nor subtract seconds, minutes nor hours to a clock).

In other words, if the candle had a wick and wax that did not deteriorate and cakes were routinely used as artificially contrived stationary tools by which time is measured against itself, the idea of infinity might come to mind, without a stable means of measurement. In other words, without some notion of a fixed measurement, notions of measurement remain arbitrary considerations; particularly those suggesting relatively long or infinitely long periods of time. Because the notion of infinity exists, the means by which this idea has arrived is a measurement of the type of measurement being employed, and suggests other so-called precise measurements may be just as arbitrary, even if the measurements are reproducible, such as in a presumed scientific exercise of calculation. Hence, we can not have our cake and eat it too, unless the measurement of the two is describing the same thing from a different perspective as a mirror-image reflection that often becomes distorted like some fun-house array of mirrors reflecting off one another, with some of the mirrors having been intentionally distorted to give a false reflection, though the owner of the fun-house is enabled to control the situation and use it to manipulate others intro providing them with a usable resource, as is often the case with different interpretations being made to reflect a given perspective that is ideally suited to a time and place for a given disposition of perspective.

As the reader might make note of, the discussion of the analog and digital can be furterized into future discussions.

Like so many events of history which involved the opposite of that actually occurring, it is the opposite which is true, though the mindset of those believing in the opposite arrange their lives in accordance with a false notion. For example it was once thought that the Earth was the center of the Universe and the Sun revolved around it, when it is actually the case where the Earth is revolving around the Sun, yet the Sun is not the center of the Universe. How we have come up with the notion of "infinity" being applied to the idea of an analog signal, says more to how we are perceiving the measurement of one or more variables than how measurement amongst the variables themselves is actually taking place within the context of other variables.

And this is what needs to be pointed out. We have contrived the notion of infinity as an actually occurring event because of an unrecognized arbitrariness the human mind is engaging in, and think to egotistically call it creative or intelligent thinking; to which we have come to associate the notion of an analog wave in its descriptive definition to be used in a dichotomous fashion contrasted with that which we label as digital, when both are actually pieces of one another set into individual contexts.

In an attempt to apply an uncommon analogy to distinguish a difference between analog and digital signals, we venture into the realm of physics in trying to determine time, position and mass related to distance of travel called change... usually characterized by some notion of deterioration called strength, frequently dichotomized by being labeled a half-life or distinguished by a one-third designation, whereby a single particle may be subjected to a "two-ism" and/or "threeism".

Suggesting that there is a difference distinguishable by a notion of dichotomy, biology teaches us that the mouth and anus can have a singular hole and that the position of an observer during a given period of observation may lead an interpretation to describe one or the other occurrence as the main feature, unless the observer is stationary long enough in a given orientation to measure the changes occurring in the same place at different times by different people using different instruments. Otherwise the same place may be labeled as two (or more) separate events because we did not accurately describe what position the first (or more) observation(s) took place without resorting to the usage of the same generalities being labeled differently... to record not a change in the variable, but the perception thereof.

If all dichotomies can be related to the movement under which the quantity and quality of the mouth-gut-anus ensemble has occurred (or is absent) over time, then the frequent commonality of placing dichotomies at polarized ends with or without a transitional third variable needs to be reassessed, or our testing an application of recognized and unrecognized polarizations may run into dilemmas that are not due to the observed variable, but the variable(s) involving the observer in their context of history, gender, politics, age, language, etc...


Mode, Manner, Method Analog Digital
"Language" Information is translated into electric pulses of varying amplitude. Translation of information is into binary format (zero or one) where each bit is representative of two distinct amplitudes.
Language Generalized Specialized
Signals Analog signal is a continuous signal which represents physical measurements Digital signals are discrete time signals generated by digital modulation.
Waves Denoted by sine waves Denoted by square waves
Representation Uses continuous range of values to represent information Uses discrete or discontinuous values to represent information
Example Human voice in air, analog electronic devices. Computers, CDs, DVDs, and other digital electronic devices.
Technology Analog technology records waveforms as they are. Samples analog waveforms into a limited set of numbers and records them.
Data Transmissions Subjected to deterioration by noise during transmission and write/read cycle. Can be noise-immune without deterioration during transmission and write/read cycle.
Response to noise More likely to get affected reducing accuracy Less affected since noise response are analog in nature
Flexibility Analog hardware is not flexible. Digital hardware is flexible in implementation.
Uses Can be used in analog devices only. Best suited for audio and video transmission. Best suited for Computing and digital electronics.
Applications Thermometer, barometer, altimeters (collecting real-world dats instruments), headphone, record players, headphones, toasters, Personal Computers, Personal Digital Assistant
Bandwidth Analog signal processing can be done in real time and consumes less bandwidth. There is no guarantee that digital signal processing can be done in real time and consumes more bandwidth to carry out the same information.
Power Analog instrument draws large power Digital instrument draws only negligible power
Cost Low cost and portable Cost is high and not easily portable
Impedance Low High order of 100 mega ohm
Memory Stored in the form of wave signal Stored in the form of binary bit
Errors Analog instruments usually have a scale which is cramped at lower end and give considerable observational errors. Digital instruments are free from observational errors like parallax and approximation errors.
Synchronization Apparently does not use specific synchronization sequences. Uses specific synchronization sequence.
Content Copying Thought to deteriorate over time like a copy of a copy of a copy.... etc. Copies are thought to remain identical, but this says nothing about the transmitter or receiver or devices they use.
Granularity Interchanging an analog into a digital form can create alterations called granularity (like looking at old paint pigments with a magnifying glass.) Interchanging a digital into an analog form can create alterations called granularity (Like looking at old paint pigments with an electron microscope.)

Analog vs. Digital

Now let us compare DC (Direct Current) with AC (Alternating Current):

DC (Direct Current) AC (Alternating Current)
Amount of energy that can be carried Voltage of DC cannot travel very far until it begins to lose energy. Safe to transfer over longer city distances and can provide more power.
Frequency The frequency of direct current is zero. The frequency of alternating current is 50Hz or 60Hz depending upon the country.
Direction It flows in one direction in the circuit. It reverses its direction while flowing in a circuit.
Current It is the current of constant magnitude. It is the current of magnitude varying with time.
Flow of Electrons Electrons move steadily in one direction or 'forward'. Electrons keep switching directions - forward and backward.
Obtained from Cell or Battery A.C Generator and mains.
Passive Parameters Resistance only Impedance
Power Factor It is always 1. Lies between 0 & 1.
Types Pure and pulsating. Sinusoidal, Trapezoidal, Triangular, Square.

AC vs. DC (Alternating Current vs. Direct Current)

While the genome (with its 2-3-4 pattern-of-three ensemble), is described as a digital expression due to its discreet and limited repetition, some viewers are having mixed emotions about how to describe the human brain. Does it represent a blending of both analog and digital expressions, just as has been unrecognizably described by the philosophical mind/body contention and is repeated in the particle/wave interpretation found in physics? Does the human brain, the human mind, go back and forth between digital and analog expressions of behavior because this to-fro swinging, zig-zag (games of chase and tag-you're-it), teeter-tottering (alternatively labeled see-sawing), and up-down sliding is its nature... (thereby having unknowingly influenced the development of children's playground equipment with the same names)? In fact, do the instruments and implements of all sports and "fun" or games reflect recurring basic cognitive themes that no one is cataloguing without become distracted with the intent to design something that will help them secure some resource, some advantaging manipulation technique or other self-serving obsession?

Note: the word "genome" is sometimes (but not always) defined broadly as:

A genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. Each genome contains all of the information needed to build and maintain that organism. In humans, a copy of the entire genome— more than 3 billion DNA base pairs— (involved in developing "trillions" of neurons in an approx. 3 lb brain), is contained in all cells that have a nucleus.


2-3-4 pattern in genetics

Let us look separately at the Analog and Digital patterns that are then combined to produce what some might refer to as a blend of the two while someone else might label as a third wave pattern model. (Note trying to find a ready-made illustration of the two waves as one was rather difficult through the google image search program no doubt because those setting the parameters of searchable items do not customarily think in elaborations of combination because their minds work too concretely. I ended up having to use Microsoft's old but faithful paint program to grasp a transparent selection of one and overlap it to the other):



Analog or Digital ideas applied to the same context

Various adult encouraged activities of children

Indeed, does the behavior of children describe the nature of the human brain that comes to used slowed down truncated variations of these behaviors as energy levels fall off in later years and are thus applied and adapted to other "adult-centered" interests which can best be used to accommodate the same themes in a reduced manner with an associated vernacular? One might well speculate such as the following poem suggests a link between an activity of childhood used as a metaphor for later adult behavior:


All the Way poem

While the above poem was rendered many years ago in one of those "from out of the blue" moments of creation, it was meant as a humorous analogy during and after the construction thereof. I can not say for certain what generated it in the first place, but it has a place in this present digression.

The poem is an analogy representing an analog, while the rhymed verse is a type of digitally repeated rhythm... though these were not the thoughts at the time. The construction of the poem with these two ingredients was like a stepping stone away from them into a third perspective that I might otherwise have been bogged down in a two-patterned frame of mind applied to other thoughts and considerations. As such, I think many people encounter a moment in which their mind is venturing into a transition from the two into a three, but that on most occasions the usage of both orientations comes to be represented, such as in the case of speaking about positive and negative energy assigned to usage, as described in the following reference:


3 states of charge

Since many people argue for the primacy of patterns-of-two being dominant in nature according to their cataloguing of pairs (with an observable absence of other quantity-associated patterns), I like to point out instances of patterns-of-three which one may or may not argue as suggesting a nature-based usage of 3-patterned ensembles. For example, since we are on the topic of physics, let me point out the three types of radioactive decay, since it involves singular particles, half-life measurements coupled to a pattern-of-three:


3 types of radio active decay

However, it is only one of the three which appears to have three types associated with it:


3 main types of Beta decay

Here is another look at radioactive particle decay:


Three types of radioactive emissions

Though in speaking about the analog and digital ideas involves an association with electricity and electricity with atomic behavior, one might want to ask whether or not there are non-typical applications of such words to non-electrical devices? For example, how about pots and pans?


Non electrical analogy to analog and digital ideas



Origination date: Monday, October 28th, 2019... 2:29 PM
Initial Posting: Wednesday, October 20th, 2019... 5:36 AM


Your Questions, Comments or Additional Information are welcomed:
Herb O. Buckland
herbobuckland@hotmail.com